NSW 1800 to 1808
1800 - Governor Philip Gidley King, formerly of
Norfolk Island, found the colony disorganized and was unable
to rectify abuses.
The New South Wales Corps was enlisted specially
for the colony where many of the officers became spirit
merchants. Most of the settlers, officers and privates gave
themselves up to drunkeness and frivolous spending.
Mutiny of the Convicts broke out at Castlehill
but it was eventually quelled by the New South Wales Corps,
under Major Johnston.
1803 - Origins of Wool Growing in Australia -
Macarthur, formerly an officer in the Corps, obtained a few
merino sheep from King George. After a few years he had
turned his venture into a successful business, which would
marke the beginning of wool growing in Australia.
1806 - Governor William Bligh had been Captain of the
Bounty and he offended many by stopping the liquor traffic
and others by his overbearing conduct.
1808 - Expulsion of Governor Bligh -
Bligh was expelled from the colony owing to a quarrel with
sheep farmer, John Macarthur, resulting in Johnston assuming
the role of Governor.