1823 - Moreton Bay - Formrly visited by Cook and
Flinders; here Oxley discovers the Brisbane River and sails
up for fifty miles.
1824 - Convict Station formed on the Brisbane River -
Furnishes shepherds to squatters of the Darling Downs.
Natives became very dangerous to early
settlers who were often killed by squatters and
1841 - Convicts removed on account of the arrival of
free settlers, who were allowed to elect members of Council
of New South Wales.
1859 - Separation of Queensland was petitioned for in
1851 and also in 1854 before being allowed in 1859 .
The name "Queensland" is adopted and a Constitution
framed, with two Houses of Parliament, one nominated the
1858 - Gold in Queensland discovered - A rush to the
goldfields at Conoona caused misery, but leads to the
foundation of Rockhampton - Government offers rewards ; gold
found at Gympie, 1867; subsequently on the Palmer &
1861 - Cotton begins to be cultivated ;
sugar in 1865.
Polynesian labour introduced by the towns -
The Kanakas were ill treated, sometimes by planters but more
often by the seamen. Polynesian Labourer's Act passed to
regulate this labour traffic.
Present state of the Colony - Population,
200,000 and rapidly increasing.