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  • Aftermath of the Eureka Stockade : When the news of the struggle and its issue were brought to Melbourne, the sympathies of the people were powerfully roused in favour of the diggers.

  • Allan Cunningham: Botanist - In 1825, Allan Cunningham ,who spent his time in search of new plants, discovered the Liverpool Plains and the Darling Downs.

  • Arrival of the Second Fleet :The prospects of the colony at Sydney had grown very black due to the lack of food, when a store ship suddenly appeared off the Heads.

  • Aspects of the Victorian Gold Fields : While the bushrangers were giving authorities a headache, the gold fields were continuing to grow. Hotels , theatres and a little church appeared.

  • Augustus Charles Gregory : In 1856, Augustus Charles Gregory went in search of Leichardt and his party who had been missing since 1848.

  • Golden Year - Australia 1851 : The year 1851 was especially memorable in the annals of Australia as it was the first time gold was discovered .

  • Pastoral Lands - Australian Discoveries 1817 - 1836 focused on discovering fertile lands for the expansion of the sheep industry.

  • Burra Mines : In the 1840's rumours spread quickly through South Australia about copper deposits found in nearby land. Two companies, nicknamed "Nobs" and "snobs", tussled for the claim.

  • Bushrangers in Tasmania: During the early 1800's the new colonies in Tasmania were beginning to became extremely annoyed by bushrangers.

  • Captain Charles Sturt: No There Wasn't a Great Inland Sea - Captain Charles Sturt led an expedition into the interior of Australia to prove one way or another is there existed an inland sea.

  • Observing Venus - Captain Cooks first journey to Australia was to make observations on Venus but became a journey of discovery.

  • Charles Napier Sturt : In 1844 Charles Napier Sturt headed an expedition into the centre of Australia. Unfortunately the conditions were harsh and by the end Sturt was blind.

  • Collapse of the Adelaide Colony: Overlanders to the Rescue - Following the collapse of the Adelaide Colony, the survival of Adelaide depended on the ingenuity of the farmers, poorer classes and the overlanders.

  • Constitutional Changes in Australia

  • Convict Station

  • Convicts Prevention Act : To prevent any further introduction of undesirable immigrants (convicts), the Legistature, in 1852, passed what was called the "Convicts Prevention Act".

  • Cotton and sugar cane in Queensland

  • Judge Advocate to Governor - David Collins will be remembered for his important role in the colonization of Hobart and Tasmania.

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  • Thrill Seekers - The discoveries of Bass and Flinders

  • Discovery of Gold in Australia : From the moment Edward Hargraves returned from the goldfields of America, Australia was abuzz with the thought of gold.

  • Unexplored Inlet - In 1802 Governor King sent Lieutenant Murray, to explore a newly identified inlet which led to the discovery of Port Phillip.

  • Unfair Transaction - Dispute Over Melbourne errupted after it was reveiled that John Batman had purchased the land from the local Geelong Aboriginal tribe.

  • In Search of the Great Southern Land - Courageous seamen, the early discoverers, were tempted to venture out into the great unknown looking for new lands.

  • Unknown Lands - Early Explorers to Australia included Spaniards, Dutch and Englishmen all looking for new lands to claim.

  • Early Settlement of Adelaide

  • Unprepared - The early sufferings of the Colony was due mainly to poor management, no one had any skills in farming, convicts were continual trouble and there was no food.

  • Edmund Kennedy : The expedition to trace the course of the supposed Victoria River was one of the most disastrous of the inland explorations.

  • Edward Gibbon Wakefield : Edward Gibbon Wakefield caused quite a stir in England following the publishing of a small book which he suggested a new colony be set up in Australia purely for the wealthy.

  • Golden Hunch - Edward Hargraves : Remembering the Blue Mountains of Sydney whilst in Sacromento, Edward Hargraves returned to seek his fortune.

  • Edward John Eyre : Eyre is to be remembered as the first explorer who braved the dangers of the Australian desert (even though it was unsuccessful).

  • Effects of Gold Discovery in Australia

  • Effects of Gold Excitement : The vast crowds of diggers on the goldfields required to be fed,and clothed . Demand was also high for mechanics and artizans.

  • Election of Earl Grey :

  • Eureka Stockade : Conflict between diggers and soldiers over gold license fees, led to the Eureka Stockade.

  • Evils of Convictism : Western Australia had now to suffer the consequences of having become a penal settlement.

  • Explorations of Australia 1840 to 1860 : Eyre, Sturt, Leichardt, Kennedy, Mitchell and Gregory were explorers who had to encounter, the pangs of hunger and thirst in the arid desert in order to explore Central Australia.

  • Colony Rebels -The conflict and hate for the Governor led to the expulsion of Governor Bligh following an incident concerning John Macarthur and Richard Atkins.

  • Murder Most Foul - The Fate of The Batavia and its crew is a harrowing story of survival, betrayal, mutineers and murder.

  • Fate of the Dunbar

  • New Location For Convicts- In 1803 Lieutenant Bowen was sent with his ship, the Lady Nelson, to form the first settlement in Tasmania ( then known as Van Diemen's Land ).

  • Floods and Droughts in Australia

  • Friedrich Wilhelm Ludwig Leichhardt : In 1848 Ludwig Leichart organized to cross the whole of Australia from east to west. He and his party were never heard of again.

  • Fate Unknown - George Bass having discovered the Bass Straits, went on an adventure that claimed his life.

  • GlobeVista : GlobeVista is an online media company specialising in "New Media" applications, including the capture and deliver of online images, video, content and research over the internet.

  • Gloomy Prospects in Western Australia : The gloomy reports of WA reached England stopping any further immigrants and in 1835 it was rumoured that the British Government intended to abandon the place.

  • Gold at Mount Alexander :

  • Gold In Ballarat : On the 10th of August 1851, the Geelong newspapers announced that deposits of auriferous earth had been discovered at Buninyong and very soon the sunny slopes of that peaceful and pastoral district were swarming with prospecting parties.

  • Gold in Queensland

  • Gold in Victoria : In June 1851 the Gold Discovery Committee announced a 200 pound reward for anyone in Victoria who could find evidence of gold.

  • Gold License Fee : The Australian diggers on the Victorian goldfields had but one grievance to trouble their life and that was the monthly payment of the license fee.

  • Spoil Sports - Government Gold Regulations : When the population on the gold fields began to grow too large the government found it necessay to make arrangement s for the preservation of law and order.

  • Governor Charles Hotham : In June, 1854, Sir Charles Hotham arrived in Victoria to fill in the position of Governor , which was made vacant by Governor Latrobe

  • Governor David Collins and Port Phillip - In 1803 the first attempt to colonize Port Phillip failed. With lack of water and trouble with aborigines the group fled to Tasmania.

  • Pardon Me - Governor George Arthur had no option but to offer bushrangers in Tasmania, pardons and a free passage home, in order to stop the growing terror in the colonies.

  • Governor George Gawler: In Debt - In the late 1830's, despite Governor George Gawler and his efforts, the colony of Adelaide found itself in serious debt after borrowing great amounts of money from the British Treasury.

  • Temper, Temper - George Gipps, NSW Govenror, was prone to violent outbursts, making himself a very unpopular leader.

  • Governor Grey and South Australia : Governor Grey set about reducing South Australia's rising expenditure costs and opening up farm land to settlers.

  • Governor John Hindmarsh: Failure of the Wakefield System - Governor John Hindmarsh was shocked on his arrival to the Adelaide colony, in 1838. The colony was in absolute disarray.

  • Governor Lachlan Macquarie : An Ego With Heart - Governor Lachlan Macquarie replaced the disgraced Governor Bligh in 1808. Despite being self-conceited and vain he did a great job in establishing a growing colony.

  • Distressing Failure - In 1800 Govenor Philip Gidley King took over the colony of NSW, only to end up frustrated by unruly convicts and little support from officers and soldiers.

  • Governor Ralph Darling : Governor Brisbane was succeeded by Sir Ralph Darling, who was a soldier, but at the same time a man well adapted for business. Yet he too failed.

  • Popular Governor - Governor Richard Bourke arrived in the colony 1831 and was instrumental in reforming the Land Question in New South Wales.

  • Governor Sorrell : In 1817, when Governor Davey grew tired of his position and resigned, to retire on his estate near Hobart Town, the position was filled by Colonel Sorrell.

  • Governor Thomas Brisbane : In 1821 Governor Macquarie left for England and his successor was Sir Thomas Brisbane.

  • Governor Thomas Davey : Following Governor Collins' death the town was run by Lord, Murray and Gills until in 1813, the new Governor, Thomas Davey, arrived.

  • Mutiny in NSW - Governor William Bligh, famous for the mutiny on the Bounty, was appointed Governor of NSW in 1806. It proved to be an unpopular choice.

  • Governor William Thomas Denison

  • Governors Robe and Young : In 1848, Colonel Robe left the colony a frustrated man, he was replaced by his complete opposite, Sir Henry Young who had a unwise zeal for progress.

  • Hamilton Hume and William Hovell: In 1824 Hamilton Hume and William Hovell set out on an expedition to expore the southern coasts. The trip was successful despite a bitter feud between the two leaders.

  • History of Australia - Written by Alexander and George Sutherland and taken from their book History of Australia (from 1606 to 1876).

  • Immigration During Australia's Goldrush

  • Bounty Orders - Immigration in New South Wales during 1840 was a time of hardship for the colony. Many found themselves unemployed and living on the streets.

  • Insurrection at Ballarat : Skirmishes between the soldiers and diggers now became frequent ; and, on the 30th of November, when the last "digger hunt" took place, the police and soldiers were roughly beaten off.

  • Land For Provisions - In 1835 John Batman did a land deal with the Geelong Aboriginal Tribes. In exchange for land between Merri Creek and Geelong they would receive goods including scissors.

  • John Oxley: Surveyor General - In 1817 John Oxley was sent on an expedition to explore the Lachlan River but what he found was muddy and marshy terrain.

  • The Race Is On - In 1835 John Pascoe Fawkner and John Batman both had the same idea of trying to colonize the land around Port Phillip Bay.

  • King George's Sound : Sir Ralph Darling sent a detachment of soldiers in 1826, to take formal possession of Western Australia and to found a settlement at King George's Sound.

  • Land Grants in Western Australia : The land was distributed in great quantities to people who had no intention of using it, but who expected that it would increase enormously in value.

  • Wakefield Policy : Land Laws in New South Wales were introduced in the 1840's, where the price of land was controlled by the government.

  • Major Thomas Mitchell: Finally a Success - 1836, after several failed attempts, Major Thomas Mitchell, successfully heads an expedition into Victoria, finding valuable lands on his way.

  • Unsung Hero - Matthew Flinders was one of the greatest explorers the world would ever know, but he was never acknowledged in his own lifetime.

  • Making the Break : Melbourne petitions for separation from NSW, causing a hugh division in the colony and a great problem for Governor Gipps.

  • Mineral Wealth in South Australia : The discovery of minerals in South Australia, in the 1840's, caused great excitement with in the colony.

  • Moreton Bay - In 1823 explorer Oxley came across an important waterway he called the Brisbane River.

  • Deadly Protest - The mutiny of convicts at Castlehill was spurred on by political exiles and disgruntled prisoners.

  • New Norfolk on the Derwent

  • Melbourne is Born - Following illegal negotiations for land between the Geelong Aboriginal tribe and John Batman, settlers begin flocking into the new settlement.

  • States of Unrest : New South Wales 1838 to 1850 was not a particularly good time in Australian history as Melbourne pushed for separation from NSW.

  • New South Wales 1851 to 1860

  • Rum Monopoly - New South Wales Corps was really a front for would be spirit merchants. Officers in the Corps imported rum to the colony which they sold at inflated prices.

  • Time of Expansion - New South Wales from 1808 to 1837 saw a change of leadership, infrastucture built and newspapers emerging.

  • NSW 1800 to 1808 was an eventful few years with mutinies, Governor problems and liquor troubles.

  • If I Only Had a Merino Sheep - Origins of Wool Growing in Australia began with an enterprising man, John Macarthur, who saw a great opportunity in the new country.

  • In search of the Great Southern Lands - Pedro Fernandez De Quiros virtually begged King Phillip to provide ships and crew for an expedition in serach of a southern continent.

  • Polynesian Labour in Queensland : Introduced in Queensland in the 1860's the Kanakas were ill treated, sometimes by planters but more often by the seamen. Polynesian Labourer's Act passed to regulate this labour traffic.

  • Mixed Fortunes - Port Phillip from 1800 - 1840 was a time of highs and lows. Originally abandoned, Port Phillip, was rediscovered by John Batman and John Pascoe Fawkner to eventually become Melbourne.

  • Present state of the Colony : Present state of Queensland at the end of the 1880's.

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  • Queensland 1823-1876 : Government offers rewards for the gold discoveries. A rush to the goldfields at Conoona caused misery, but led to the foundation of Rockhampton.

  • Unfair Advantage : In 1843 a Representative Government is elected but Port Phillip is once again disadvantaged and send a petition to Queen Victoria.

  • Riot at Ballarat : A gold digger named James Scobie was beileved to have been murdered by hotelier, James Bentley, causing riots.

  • Road Over The Blue Mountains : In Need of a Pass - In 1813 three men, Lawson, Wentworth and Blaxland finally found a pass which would allow to be built, a road over the Blue Mountains.

  • Rumours of Gold : After gold specimens had been found by convicts; Count Strzelecki, Mr Clarke and Sir R. Murchinson expressed their belief that gold existed in Australia.

  • Gold in them there hills- Rush to the Goldfields of Bathurst: Workmen quit their jobs, shepherds deserted their flocks, shopkeepers closed their stores, and a great tide of fortune seekers pressed onward, day by day to the west.

  • Separation from New South Wales : In 1825 Tasmania cut dependecy ties to New South Wales by becoming a seperate colony, with a Supreme Court of its own.

  • Separation of Queensland : During the late 1840's the "Northern Districts of New South Wales" began to agitate for separation from New South Wales.

  • The settlement of Sydney came about after the United States declared their independence and the English had nowhere to send their convicts.

  • Sir Charles Fitzroy Becomes Governor : In 1846 Sir George Gipps had had enough of being the governor of Sydney and passed the job onto Sir Charles Fitzroy who had little interest in the colony.

  • Sir Thomas Mitchell : Having given up waiting for missing explorer Leichardt, Mitchell began his own expedition of the Victoria River.

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  • The history of South Australia 1836 to 1841 begins with the landing on Kangaroo Island. Soon abandoned the next location became the city of Adelaide.

  • South Australia 1841 - 1850 : The 1840's were a boom period for South Australia, with good agricultural soil and the discovery of minerals such as lead and copper.

  • South Australian Association: Are You Being Served ? - South Australian Association was established with the sole purpose of finding a new colony to settle for the rich only.

  • Swan River : Sir James Stirling was not the first to discover the Swan River. In 1697, it had been visited by a Dutch navigator, Vlaming, who was searching for a missing a man-of-war vessel.

  • Hardship and Success - Tasmania 1803 to 1836 was a time of great hardship. Not only did the new colony have to deal with the natives they were also under threat by bushrangers.

  • The Legislative Council : In 1824 a small Executive Counsil had been formed to consult with Governor Thomas Brisbane on colonial matters. In 1829 this was enlarged and became the Legislative Council.

  • The Murray River - In 1829, Captain Charles Sturt led an expedition to explore the imterior of Australia. The party travelled over 2,000 miles, interacting with the natives and discovering new rivers.

  • The Natives - During the early years of settelment in Brisbane both convicts and squatters had problems with the natives.

  • The Newspaper War: Stop the Press - During the early 1800's Sydney found itself with rival newspapers. An incident in the colony regarding Governor Darling resulted in The Newspaper War .

  • Eureka Stockade - Victoria 1851 to 1855 : With the discovery of gold in Victoria, conflicts between diggers and government were inevitable.

  • West Australia 1829 to 1876 : The establishment of a colony in Western Australia began at King George's Sound but was eventually moved to Perth.

  • Words of Warning - After 32 years on the run, escaped convict William Buckley, emerges from the wilderness to warn John Batman's party of a potential attack by angry local Aborigines.

  • Buccaneer, Explorer, Author - William dampier lead a checkered life, starting out as a buccaneer before changing his ways to becoming an explorer and adventurer.


History of Australia